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The Marucelliana Library is a public library in Florence (owned by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture) with access from Via Cavour. Established by the will of Abbot Francis Marucelli, from which it is named, is the result of the donation of his rich and large personal library. Alessandro, the nephew of Marucelli, commissioned the construction of the building to the architect Alessandro Dori. The Library which was open to the public September 18, 1752, becoming the first library open to the general culture to a broad audience as you can still read the inscription on the facade: "Bibliotheca Marucellorum publicae maxime pauperum utility" (Library of Marucelli for public use, especially the poor ").The first librarian was Angelo Maria Bandini, who in about 50 years aversaw the activities and increased it with other funds. With the suppression of religious institutes of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, other large library collections arrived at the library (such as the library of the Badia Fiorentina), others were bought in the market. The library grew in 1809 with the suppression of monasteries and at the same time, through purchases of Bandini, played in Italy and abroad, while retaining the character of the general library collection, accentuated the field of the culture Florentine and Tuscan. The Library holds nearly 40,000 volumes, 500 incunabula about more than 2,000 manuscripts and 10,000 letters and documents. The Library also has a curious bibliographical works, composed of 112 volumes and called Mare Magnum, a work put together by the same founder of the Library, which not only records all transactions that had, but it was entrusted to a summary of this Bibliography monumental, almost all written by himself. In Marucelliana Library there are also preserved collections of literary work by Enrico Nencioni, writer, poet and critic 1837-1896 and the portrait of Francis Marucelli, by David Canoniche of Antwerp. By law a copy of every book printed in the province of Florence, arrive to the Library. Among the manuscript collections stands that of Antonio Francesco Gori for the history of archeology, or the autographs by Francesco Redi for the history of science.
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